Groesbeek, view of the 'National Liberation Museum 1944-1945' in Groesbeek. © Ton Kersten
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No network on CentOS 6

2012-07-17 (123) by Ton Kersten, tagged as linux, sysadm

When installing a minimal CentOS 6 system, minimal really, really means minimal. After a reboot the network interfaces do not start, so network connectivity is non existing.

Looking into that I noticed that the file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 contained

DEVICE=eth0
HWADDR=11:22:33:44:55:66
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
ONBOOT=no
BOOTPROTO=dhcp
TYPE=Ethernet
USERCTL=no
PEERDNS=yes
IPV6INIT=no

The lines that mess things up are NM_CONTROLLED=yes meaning the interfaces are managed with NetworkManager, which isn’t actually installed as part of a minimal install. You want a minimal install, you get a minimal install. And ONBOOT=no, meaning "do not start the interface on boot". How stupid is that!

The trick is to run something like system-config-network-tui to set the IP addresses manually, but as you might imagine, that's not installed either.

So you best edit /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 by hand and set it to:

DEVICE=eth0
HWADDR=11:22:33:44:55:66
NM_CONTROLLED=no
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=none
TYPE=Ethernet
USERCTL=no
PEERDNS=yes
IPV6INIT=no
IPADDR=192.168.0.1
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
GATEWAY=192.168.0.254
DNS1=192.168.0.254

The USERCTL=... line is optional: If set to yes it lets non-root users control the interface.

After setting this a service network restart will do the trick.